A large part of the Camargue is located on the territory of Arles
. The city has a long history, and was of considerable importance in the Roman province. The Roman and Romanesque Monuments of Arles were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites
in 1981. The Dutch post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh
lived in Arles in 1888–1889 and produced over 300 paintings and drawings during his time there.